When working with PowerShell scripts, it’s often necessary to use sensitive information like usernames and passwords to authenticate against various services or systems. However, storing these credentials in plain text is a security risk that should be avoided. In this blog post, we’ll discuss how to securely store and use credentials in PowerShell without exposing them in plain text.

Step 1: Encrypt and Store the Password

The first step is to securely store your password by encrypting it and saving it to a file. PowerShell provides a ConvertFrom-SecureString cmdlet that can be used to save encrypted strings to a file.

Here’s how to do it:

# Type the password in the console when prompted
$Credential = Get-Credential -UserName 'YourUserName' -Message 'Enter your password'

# Save the encrypted password to a file
$Credential.Password | ConvertFrom-SecureString | Set-Content 'C:\path\to\secure_password.txt'

This code snippet prompts you to enter your password in a secure manner and then saves the encrypted password to a file. Keep in mind that this encrypted password can only be decrypted by the same user and on the same computer where it was encrypted.

Step 2: Use the Encrypted Password in Your Script

Once the password is securely stored, you can use it in your PowerShell scripts by reading the encrypted password from the file and creating a PSCredential object.

Here’s an example:

# Read the encrypted password from the file
$SecurePassword = Get-Content 'C:\path\to\secure_password.txt' | ConvertTo-SecureString

# Create a PSCredential object using the encrypted password
$UserName = 'YourUserName'
$Credential = New-Object System.Management.Automation.PSCredential($UserName, $SecurePassword)

# Use the credential object in your script, e.g., for a remote session
$Session = New-PSSession -ComputerName 'RemoteComputerName' -Credential $Credential
Invoke-Command -Session $Session -ScriptBlock { # Your commands here }

In this code snippet, we read the encrypted password from the file, create a PSCredential object, and then use that object for authentication. This ensures that the password is not exposed in plain text within the script.


By encrypting and securely storing sensitive information like passwords, you can minimize the risk of unauthorized access to your scripts and systems. Using the PSCredential object and related cmdlets in PowerShell makes it easy to manage and use credentials without exposing them in plain text.